Throat pain is one of the most common symptoms of a cold or flu. The sensation of pain, or irritation can be uncomfortable and can vary in severity. Fortunately, there are several remedies and tips that can help alleviate the problem. Scroll down to read about some of the most effective methods.
1. Warm Saltwater Gargle
Gargling with warm salt water can help soothe throat pain and reduce inflammation. Mix half a teaspoon of salt in a cup of warm water and gargle several times a day.
2. Stay Hydrated
Drinking fluids can help keep the throat moist and reduce symptoms of throat pain. Water, herbal tea, and soups are all good choices. Avoiding caffeine and alcohol can also prevent dehydration.
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Honey is a natural remedy that has been used for centuries to treat various ailments. Its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties can help reduce throat irritation. Adding honey to tea or simply consuming a spoonful can provide relief. 
4. Lozenges and Candies
Sucking on throat lozenges or regular candies can help stimulate saliva production, maintain throat moisture, and reduce the scratchy, dry feeling.
5. Warm Beverages
Warm liquids such as tea or broth can provide relief for a sore throat. Herbal teas like chamomile or mint are especially soothing.
The body heals best when it is at rest. Ensuring adequate sleep and avoiding strain can speed up recovery.
7. Over-the-Counter Pain Relievers
Non-prescription drugs such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help reduce pain and inflammation. Always follow the recommended dosage and consult with a pharmacist or doctor if unsure.
8. Avoid Irritants
Smoking and passive smoke exposure can exacerbate throat pain. It’s better to avoid these and other irritants like spicy foods until symptoms subside.
9. Marshmallow Root
Traditionally used as a remedy for throat pains, marshmallow root contains a plant-based mucilage that can coat and soothe the throat. It can be consumed as a tea. 
10. Slippery Elm (Ulmus)
Similar to marshmallow root, slippery elm has a gel-like substance when mixed with water. This can coat and soothe the throat. It is available in lozenges, tea, and capsules.
11. Avoid Cold Beverages
Although it might be tempting to soothe the throat with a cold drink, very cold beverages might sometimes worsen throat pain. Opt for lukewarm or warm liquids instead.
12. Elevate Your Head
When sleeping, use an extra pillow to elevate your head. This can help reduce postnasal drip that might irritate the throat.